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The Internet of Things (IoT)
First Drone Phone from LG U+ is coming soon
Antiranik Ovagim
Antiranik Ovagim
The Internet of Things (IoT)
Kargo taşımacılığında yeni dönemin ayak sesleri
AA15 Aralık 2016
Fransa Posta İdaresi (La Poste) gönderimlerinde "drone" olarak bilinen insansız hava araçlarını kullanacak.

Fransa Sivil Havacılık Kurumundan (DGAC) yapılan açıklamada La Poste'a haftada bir kez ülkenin güneyindeki Var bölgesinde koli gönderimleri için "drone" kullanmasına izin verildiği bildirildi.

Açıklamada La Poste'un Var bölgesinde belirlenen 15 kilometre uzunluğundaki hava sahasında 2 yıl süren testler sonrası "drone" kullanmaya hak kazandığı belirtildi. La Poste'un kullanacağı "drone"lar saatte 30 kilometre hızla en fazla 3 kilogram ağırlığındaki kolilerin teslimatını gerçekleştirebiliyor ve tehlike anında otomatik paraşüt devreye giriyor.

ABD'li internet alışveriş devi Amazon şirketi de bugün İngiltere'de ilk "drone"la teslimatını gerçekleştirdiğini duyurmuştu.
The Internet of Things (IoT)
How a Reengineered Internet Could Protect Free Speech
Written by

That the internet works for so many people and across so many different technologies can seem kind of miraculous, but the internet's founders had nothing like this in mind. When you consider that the early-days internet, circa the mid-1970s, was a solution to the problem of non-mobile, centralized supercomputing resources, its effectiveness for a world in which every yahoo lords over a half-dozen IP addresses like they're pet goldfish is nigh unbelievable. And yet, here we are. Somehow.

While it works admirably, the internet also works suboptimally—this isn't what it was designed for. So, we're left with a good bit of room for imagining alternative internet technologies that might be closer to optimal and might come better equipped for addressing some of the emergent concerns of internet super-connectivity, such as privacy and the preservation of free speech. Enter named data networking (NDN).

Simply, NDN replaces IP addresses (locations) with named data (things), wherein a unit of data might be referred to in a way similar to the directory-based naming schemes we're used to as PC users (as in, /Users/someuser/my_dir/file.txt). The whole internet would be structured like a big filesystem—a hierarchy of namespaces—where the most specific directory (from our perspective) would be our own local computer, while the most general directory (the root directory) would be the entire internet. As we traverse from our local machines outward, we access higher and higher directories as larger and larger subnetworks of the entire internet.

As such, the internet we experience is only as big as we need it to be depending up on the data that we're after. If that data is on our own machine, we stop there; if not, we check our local network, and then we start checking router caches and CDN stores, etc. This would seem to make a lot more sense for an internet that's based on providing information rather than one that's based on enabling communication between network endpoints. It would also make a lot more sense for a network that's designed to preserve free speech, according to a National Science Foundation-funded research study published in the current Communications of the ACM.

The paper, authored by a team of computer scientists based at UCLA, provides a concrete example of NDN in action via the Internet of Things, the looming internet eruption in which every toaster, car, and coffeemaker comes equipped with a network connection and IP address. We might reasonably question how much internet a coffeemaker actually needs to fully leverage toaster connectivity.

"For example, a manufacturer-assigned name, such as /local/appliance/kitchen/toaster/Black&Decker/serial_number, might be used to address a kitchen appliance from another device in the same smart home," the paper explains. Another device might then connect to the toaster by broadcasting a sort of packet known as an "Interest," which is basically just a request for data featuring a reference by name (as above).

"In this case, NDN enables applications to use the network layer directly to discover nearby devices in these well-known namespaces (for example, /local/appliance), without needing the devices to be connected to the global Internet," the UCLA group writes. "At the same time, they share the same network layer protocol as all other NDN Internet applications, providing opportunities for straightforward integration with local or global Web applications, using data signatures and encryption-based access control for security."

"NDN makes it easier than IP to share data via alternative communications paths and opportunistic connectivity without global infrastructure."
Maybe it's already clear how this might enhance free speech (and privacy). NDN facilitates the development of networks that may be connected to the global internet, but, at the same time, may also allow for insulated data transmission across local networks that don't require the infrastructure of global internet providers. In this scheme, data packets can be stored and republished by anyone using any device.

"NDN makes it easier than IP to share data via alternative communications paths and opportunistic connectivity (toasters and phones as well as laptops and routers), without global infrastructure or complex intermediate services providing indirection or anonymization," the researchers continue. "Users moving in cars or planes or people with ad hoc wireless on their mobile devices can exchange data via NDN by leveraging storage on their devices and intermittent connectivity to pass content around, without leaving traces of where the data originated."

Current internet architecture is well-suited to censorship. It's just a matter of whoever's in power limiting access to forbidden websites via the aforementioned global internet providers. NDN, however, provides a mechanism from routing around these global providers by bridging local networks. Imagine that Comcast, in response to some completely hypothetical future American despot, is legally forced to block access to the New York Times website. NDN would allow us to chain together local WiFI networks until we eventually reach some router in Canada or New Free Cascadia or wherever that's connected to an uncompromised ISP.

Obviously, this is just a high-level view, and actually reengineering the entire internet would be a hell of a thing. But we should take heart that privacy and free speech are not necessarily casualties of hyper-networked society. "By diversifying the nodes that can provide data," the paper concludes. "NDN will likely improve conditions for free and anonymous speech and information seeking for consumers and producers."
The Internet of Things (IoT)
Antiranik Ovagim
The Internet of Things (IoT)
China goes up a gear

David PringleDavid Pringle • August 25, 2016 •

China IoT

China’s carriers compete vigorously to meet strong demand for the IoT

China and the internet of things (IoT) may be a match made in heaven. This week, China Telecom, the country’s leading fixed-line carrier, reported a 303% increase in IoT subscriptions in the year to June 30th. That suggests the Middle Kingdom’s IoT market is gaining new momentum as competition between its three major carriers intensifies.

China’s early global leadership in M2M (machine-to-machine) communications, and now the IoT, was largely driven by public policy. In an effort to expand the country’s intellectual property and alleviate the pressures of urbanization, the Chinese government has provided extensive funding for research and pilots of M2M and IoT solutions. But now the IoT concept has been proven commercially, the next phase of growth is being driven by competition between the three major telcos – China Mobile, China Telecom and China Unicom. Although all three are controlled by the state, they compete vigorously in most sectors of the cellular market. It seems like China’s distinctive managed market economy may be well suited to harnessing the potential of the IoT, which cuts across both the private and public sectors.

Although China Telecom didn’t reveal how many IoT connections it has, it surely still trails rival China Mobile by some distance. Earlier in August, China Mobile reported that it now serves more than 80 million IoT connections, up from 60 million connections at the end of 2015. By way of comparison, Deutsche Telekom reported that it served 5.57 million M2M connections in Germany at the end of June, up 31% year-on-year. The Germany-based telco is also pursuing the IoT with gusto, running trials of smart lighting, parking and safety solutions in Dubrovnik, Bucharest, Pisa and other European cities. In the first six months of the year DT “added 626,000 new M2M SIM cards in a very aggressively priced market. This growth was due to the increased use of SIM cards, especially in the automotive and logistics industries.”

Smart cities, surveillance and security

China, where urbanisation continues at a torrid pace, is also running extensive trials of smart city solutions as it three major telcos build out their 4G and fiber networks. China Telecom, in particular, seems to be targeting the public sector. It attributed the quadrupling of its IoT connections to the introduction of a “nationwide centralized and dedicated operation” in April 2016 and “breakthroughs in key industries, such as surveillance and security, public affairs and smart transport.” Moreover, China Telecom said it is running more than 100 projects providing “Internet + services” to three key sectors: government administration, healthcare and education.

China Telecom also revealed that it plans to refarm its 800 MHz spectrum to support voice over LTE (VoLTE) and Narrowband IoT (NB-IoT) services. NB-IoT is a new low power, wide area network technology that is specifically designed for connecting far-flung industrial and agricultural equipment, such as irrigation systems and energy meters. The carrier’s plans to use 800 MHz spectrum is also significant. In this low frequency band, radio signals travel relatively long distances and penetrate deep inside buildings.

Although China Telecom has fewer customers and fewer 4G base stations than China Mobile, it does have the advantage that it is using the same version of LTE as most other mobile operators worldwide, enabling it to tap economies of scale. China Mobile, on the other hand, was instructed by the Chinese government to use LTE with a time division duplex (TDD) modulation, which isn’t widely-used outside Asia. As a result, China Mobile may not be able to source IoT modules as cheaply as China Telecom. However, in its interim results presentation, China Mobile made a point of saying it has “facilitated the scale promotion of smart module products with competitiveness and low entry barrier.”

The third carrier in the Chinese market, China Unicom, is also trying to expand its IoT business. Reporting its interim results, Unicom said it is focusing on education, healthcare, automotive and government administration. It added that it is accelerating its trials of NB-IoT technologies.

Of course, China Mobile will respond to the growing IoT competition from its rivals by lowering prices and/or further enhancing its supporting services, such as data analytics and device management. In the future, the telcos may also need to offer sophisticated artificial intelligence capabilities as they increasingly come up against leading Chinese internet players, such as Alibaba and Tencent, which are pushing cloud-based services to help companies analyse and act on the data captured by IoT deployments.

But the Chinese market should be big enough and diverse enough for all these players to thrive: The sheer size and density of its population means the China has an acute need to manage resources and space as efficiently as possible. China’s love affair with smart connectivity will only intensify.
Antiranik Ovagim
The Internet of Things (IoT)
Promotion of VR Contents
South Korean Government to Make Aggressive Investment for VR Ecosystem Creation

The Korean government will invest a total of 100 billion won (US$86.9 million) in the virtual reality industry along with the private sector by next year.

8 July 2016 - 11:45am
Cho Jin-young

The South Korean government invests a total of 100 billion won (US$86.9 million) in the virtual reality industry, along with the private sector by next year in order to create and enrich the ecosystem of the industry. The government announced the plan on July 7 at the 10th Trade & Investment Promotion Meeting presided over by President Park Geun-hye.

At present, South Korea’s virtual reality industry is considered competitive enough in terms of device and network but insufficient when it comes to platforms and contents. In this regard, the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning, the Ministry of Culture, Sports & Tourism and the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy are planning to more systematize their projects for virtual reality R&D, digital content creation assistance, virtual training system development and the like.

Specifically, 60% of the 100 billion won is scheduled to be spent until 2017 on the development of and content creation and overseas business with regard to VR service platforms, VR game experience, VR theme parks, the Screen X and VR-based education and distribution so that the creation of the ecosystem can be facilitated. Each of the government and the private sector invests 30 billion won.

A fund that is specialized in VR is to be raised at the same time. 20 billion won is likely to be raised this year and the same amount next year before investments in venture firms and small and medium-sized enterprises technically capable of VR game development, education, etc. To this end, a fund operator is to be selected among venture capitals before the investments continue for seven years.
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