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The Internet of Things (IoT)
Consumers can’t buy 5G phones yet. But China is already talking about what comes next: 6G.

Su Xin, head of 5G technology working group at China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, said that China is starting research into 6G concepts this year. The country first started looking into 6G in March, making it one of the first countries to do so.

Su said that the actual development of 6G will officially begin in 2020, but commercial use will most likely have to wait until 2030.

The arrival of 5G has been touted as a big deal. It’s not just because it promises to bring fast mobile internet, it should also enable us to connect with machines – like gadgets, industrial machines and autonomous vehicles.

5G is the name of the next-generation wireless technology that promises far faster internet access than 4G. Experts predict it will begin to take off in 2019, enhancing communications among Internet of Things devices.

So what is 6G supposed to bring that 5G can’t, especially for ordinary folks?

For one thing, it could make mobile internet speeds of 1 TB per second mainstream. This means you could download around 100 films in less than a second. (It’s worth noting that researchers at the University of Surrey in England have already achieved that with 5G… but only inside a lab.)

Of course, 2030 is a long way away, so the actual applications of this technology may be hard to imagine. As Verizon executive Andrea Caldini pointed out at this year’s Mobile World Congress, nobody expected Snapchat while developing 4G – it’s the increased speeds that made it happen.

According to Su, 6G could connect our devices more efficiently than 5G, expanding internet coverage to much wider areas.

“5G has three application scenarios: large bandwidth, low latency, and wide connection – I think 6G can achieve better application in all three scenarios,” Su told local media, noting that 6G could increase transmission rates by more than 10 times. “It may revolutionize the structure of the whole wired and wireless network.”

If this sounds vague to you, it’s because there is still no definition for the technology. And according to industry insiders, it is too early to talk about 6G. It took 5G ten years to develop its set of standards, and despite commercial deployment this year, they are still not fully settled. So is 6G even a thing?

Roberto Saracco, professor at the University of Trento in Italy, believes that 5G is still a fuzzy set of promises that will take time, probably ten years, before being fulfilled. As for the next generation of connectivity, “marketing will need 6G as soon as 5G is deployed,” writes Saracco. Researchers will need a term to mark the novelty of what they are doing or to put technologies that do not fit into 5G standards into another box.

The vagueness of the term has not stopped countries to start looking into the concept. Finland’s University of Oulu launched an 6G research program called 6Genesis. Aside from futuristic phrases like “interoperability sensing based ops” and “intelligent personal edge,” one of the applications mentioned on their site is wireless augmented reality/virtual reality.

Though again, it’s worth noting that this might be an application for 5G, judging by Tencent boss Pony Ma’s suggestion that the technology could enable WeChat VR.

The new 6G movement in China could also be a way to rub their tech advancement in other people’s faces. The country is already way ahead of US in deploying 5G, according to Deloitte. Since 2015, China outspent the US by approximately $24 billion in wireless communications infrastructure (with $400 billion more coming) and built 350,000 new cell phone tower sites – while the US is still stuck at less than 30,000.

For more on China tech visit abacusnews.com or subscribe to the newsletter via abacusnews.com/newsletter for the latest China tech news, reviews and product launches.
Copyright (c) 2018. South China Morning Post Publishers Ltd. All rights reserved.
Editing by Eileen C. Ang
The Internet of Things (IoT)
World Wide Web inventor plans a new version to bypass big tech companies

Like Dr. Frankenstein, Tim Berners-Lee — creator of the World Wide Web — is disgusted by the monster he unleashed on the world.

“An engine of inequity and division,” he says of the modern web.

But now, Berners-Lee believes he’s created a new, parallel web that will allow users to bypass the flawed behemoths known as Facebook, Amazon and Google.

The open-source project, called “Solid,” is his years-in-the-making mission to decentralize the web by letting users choose where their data are kept, along with who can see and access it.

“Solid changes the current model where users have to hand over personal data to digital giants in exchange for perceived value,” he said in a blog post describing it. “As we’ve all discovered, this hasn’t been in our best interests.”

Essentially, Solid gives users their own internet, he explained in an interview with Fast Company.

“We have to do it now,” Berners-Lee told the site, noting the ongoing revelations of the co-opting of Facebook by hackers and foreign powers. “It’s a historical moment.”

Besides, he continued, “We are in the Solid world now.”

The Oxford-educated Berners-Lee, 63, spent years working on the project at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where, along with Oxford, he is a computer-science professor.

Berners-Lee has also developed a startup called Inrupt that launches this week, which aims to offer tools for users to build their own apps on Solid.
The Internet of Things (IoT)
It’s alive! Scientists create ‘artificial life’ on a quantum computer
Here is a sentence that sounds like it’s come fresh off the pages of a Michael Crichton techno-thriller: Scientists have created “artificial life” on a quantum computer for the first time ever. And that could turn out to be kind of a big deal.

The work was achieved by researchers from the University of the Basque Country in Spain. With the aid of an IBM QX4 quantum computer, they created tiny simulated life forms capable of carrying out many of the behaviors seen in real-world life forms — including reproduction, mutation, evolution, and death. They hope that doing so will help researchers to better understand the origins of life and whether it can be explained through quantum mechanics. This is something that has been hypothesized for decades, dating back to Erwin Schrödinger’s influential 1944 book What is Life?

“Our research connects two previously unrelated areas as are artificial life and quantum computing,” Lucas Lamata, one of the researchers on the project, told Digital Trends. “The former is an extensive research field where the aim is to reproduce biological behaviors in artificial systems, while the latter is an area that is growing fast in the past few years and could revolutionize computation and communication. We mainly posed the fundamental question: Which is the smallest physical system that can undergo self-replication and other biological behaviors attributed uniquely to living beings?”

The researchers were interested in whether these behaviors happen at the macroscopic level of a DNA module or at the few-atom level where quantum physics dominates. In their work, simulated “individuals” were represented using two quantum bits, or “qubits.” These are measures of information which can represent one, zero, or any quantum superposition of the two states. Their demonstration suggests that a small quantum system can reproduce biological behaviors and that the quantum principle of “entanglement” plays a crucial role in this possibility.

“We may easily find several applications, still to be developed, around quantum game theory and optimization problems,” Enrique Solano, another researcher on the project, told us. “The latter are a common place for applications in economy, design, aerodynamics, and complex biological systems. The natural merge of this research with artificial intelligence methods will create a novel paradigm for exploring the growth of complexity, an important asset of present and future studies from molecular systems to astrophysical objects and social behaviors.”

A paper describing the work was recently published in the journal Scientific Reports.
The Internet of Things (IoT)
ABD dünyanın en hızlı süper bilgisayarını yaptı

ABD dünyanın en hızlı süper bilgisayarını yaptı
ABD'nin yeni süper bilgisayarı Summit'in (Zirve), bu alanda şu anda dünya lideri olan Çin'in Sunway TaihuLight bilgisayarından iki kattan daha fazla hızlı olduğu açıklandı.
Summit, saniyede 200 trilyon ya da 200 fetaflop hesaplama yapabiliyor.

Şu ana dek dünyanın en güçlü bilgisayarı olan Sunway Taihulight süper bilgisayarının ise 93 petaflop işlem gücü vardı.

Summit ilk olarak astrofizik, kanser araştırmaları ve sistem biyolojisi alanlarında kullanılacak.

Tennessee eyaletindeki Oak Ridge Ulusal Laboratuvarı'nda (ORLN) bulunan bilgisayar IBM ve NVidia'in ortaklığıyla geliştirildi.

Süper bilgisayarlar, özel hesaplama yoğunluklu işler için tasarlanan ve onbinlerce işlemciden oluşan büyük ve pahalı sistemler.

Summit'te 4.608 bilgisayar sunucusu ve 10 petabayt hafıza bulunuyor.

ORLN Direktörü Dr. Thomaz Zacharia, Summit'in daha yapım aşamasında karşılaştırmalı gen çalışmalarında kullanıldığını söyledi.

Zacharia "Kelimenin tam anlamıyla sistemin parçaları birleştirilirken makineyi kullandılar, tekerlekleri takılırken bir yarış arabası sürdüğünüzü düşünün" dedi.

'Oyuna geri döndük '
Geçen yıl yayımlanan dünyanın başlıca süper bilgisayarlarının dökümüne göre ABD dünyadaki 500 süper bilgisayarın 143'üne sahipken, Çin'in 202 süper bilgisayarı bulunuyor.

ABD'nin daha önceki en hızlı süper bilgisayarı Titan, 5. sıradaydı.

ABD Enerji Bakanı Rick Perry "Bir rekabet olduğunu biliyoruz ve sonuca ilk kimin ulaştığı önemli. Amerika'nın oyuna geri dördüğünü böyle güçlü bir şekilde göstermek önemliydi."
The Internet of Things (IoT)
Laptops with 128GB of RAM are here

Brace yourself for laptops with 128GB of RAM because they’re coming. Today, Lenovo announced its ThinkPad P52, which, along with that massive amount of memory, also features up to 6TB of storage, up to a 4K, 15.6-inch display, an eighth-gen Intel hexacore processor, and an Nvidia Quadro P3200 graphics card.
The ThinkPad also includes two Thunderbolt three ports, HDMI 2.0, a mini DisplayPort, three USB Type-A ports, a headphone jack, and an Ethernet port. The company hasn’t announced pricing yet, but it’s likely going to try to compete with Dell’s new 128GB-compatible workstation laptops.
The Dell Precision 7530 and Precision 7730 also feature 4K displays and compatibility with a Quadro and AMD Radeon WX graphics cards. They start at $1,199. All these laptops are VR-ready, of course. Both seem to be enabled through Samsung’s newest memory modules that allow laptop makers to increase capacity and speed without consuming all the power. The days of laptops topping out at 16GB of RAM might be nearing an end, at least once these come to standard consumer devices.
The Internet of Things (IoT)
Dünyanın en büyüğüydü! Microsoft satın aldı

Dünyanın en geniş kaynak kodu havuzu Github, son yıllardaki geliştiricilere verdiği destekle tanınan Microsoft tarafından satın alındı. Github uzun zamandır şirketin CEO'su Satya Nadella'nın hedefindeydi

Bloomberg’in haberine göre Microsoft, dünyanın en çok kullanılan açık kaynak kodu paylaşım platformunu bünyesine kattı. Son yıllarda yazılımcıların favori sitesi haline gelen Github, geliştiricilerin projelerini ve kodlarını depolayıp paylaştığı bir havuz niteliğinde.
İçinde çok büyük bir kaynak kodu koleksiyonu barındıran Github, küçükten büyüğe pek çok geliştirici grubun ilgisini çekiyor. 2015’teki değeri 2 milyar olan platform, son 9 aydır Microsoft’un CEO’su olan Satya Nadella’nın en büyük hedeflerinden biriydi.
Peki Microsoft, Github’u satın alarak ne kazanacak? Öncelikle 26 milyonun üzerinde yazılım geliştiricisine ve onların kodlarına erişim sağlayacak. Uygulamalar bakımından Apple ve Google’a göre çok zayıf olan Microsoft, gelecekte geliştiricilere destek vermeyi ve onları kendi safına katmayı hedefliyor.
The Internet of Things (IoT)
The Internet of Things (IoT)
The Internet of Things (IoT)
Future is Here
The Internet of Things (IoT)
The age of credit cards may be ending, and that's a good thing.

It's happening, and fast: The era of the credit card, in which plastic is the standard form of payment, is coming to an end.

But it isn't being replaced by cash. Instead, it's being replaced by a new system, one that involves digital money transfers through smartphones and other devices.

Now, before you mourn the loss of the old system, you have to admit there are some problems inherent to credit cards. The most glaring of these is that credit cards often aren't 100 percent secure. Users face issues ranging from hackers and fraud to lost and stolen cards.

The cards also aren't without high fees from financial institutions, and they're rarely accepted worldwide.

The convenience of digital options compared to both cash and cards is another reason credit cards are gradually being phased out. The ease of digitally exchanging money between friends, or from an employer to an employee, already gives digital transactions an advantage over both cash and cards.

These digital peer-to-peer, or P2P, payments are becoming increasingly popular because they can eliminate high transactions fees and processing or service fees, all while remaining secure. The most widely used platform for peer-to-peer payments is PayPal, with more than 218 million active accounts worldwide. Venmo, an app that allows for instant P2P payments, is another popular platform, while services like Upwork and Fiverr are also taking advantage of the convenience of P2P transactions.

This points to an important truth: Even for most online payments, cards simply aren't necessary.

Because of these challenges and ever-emerging payment alternatives, more and more people are opting to avoid credit cards altogether. The burgeoning growth of card-less transactions is particularly important in light of recent findings from the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: In a 2015 study, the FDIC found that a significant portion of American households, 24.5 million, are under-banked. Many people, whether because they want to or because they have no choice, don't own a credit card or have a bank account.

Amazon helped the revolution along considerably with its announcement of Amazon Cash in April 2017. This shift lets customers fill up their Amazon balances using cash when they present an Amazon bar code to participating stores. Its introduction of the "add cash" option has made the buying process accessible to more than a quarter of its customers.

As Amazon has explained, customers no longer need a credit card to make purchases and can instead buy products using their Amazon Balance.

Another alternative to credit cards, PayTM, is already being used as a payment option by major players like Uber. Topping up your PayTM wallet lets you use net-banking, a cardless option that makes your smartphone the only thing you need to get around for the day.

Also getting in on the trend are start-ups like CashDash, which helps travelers who want to exchange currency without the additional fees charged by banks and other companies. Customers can buy foreign currency directly from the app and withdraw their cash at the closest CashDash ATM.

The app is helpful for unbanked individuals as well.

The common theme here is that smartphones are emerging as the most promising alternative to credit cards. Since so many people already use smartphones for day-to-day payments like ordering food or hailing an Uber, ditching wallets altogether seems like the logical next step.

Cryptocurrency as cardless technology

Another step towards a cardless society is the increasing popularity of cryptocurrency, which is also sometimes referred to as electronic currency and can be seen as an online version of cash. The first type of cryptocurrency is the widely popular but also controversial bitcoin, which started in 2009.

Bitcoins are essentially digital coins that people can buy and use to make and receive payments. Unlike credit cards, they have low transaction fees and don't require sales tax. Also unlike credit cards, bitcoin lets users stay anonymous.

Should you keep your credit card?

With the rise of cryptocurrencies and our increasing ability to use our smartphone to pay for basic services, it's clear that credit cards are going out of fashion.

It's still too early to leave your credit card behind, since it'll take some time before cards phase out altogether. Nonetheless, it can't hurt to start adapting to digital alternatives.

After all, for consumers, the motivation to ditch the card is simple: lower fees, improved convenience, and increased financial independence.

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